PL EN
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Water accessibility challenges, and implications on children in rural border communities of Oyo-Kwara state, Nigeria.
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Kehinde Olayinka Popoola   

Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Obafemi Awolowo University, 220282, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Submission date: 2022-07-29
Final revision date: 2022-11-29
Acceptance date: 2022-12-01
Online publication date: 2022-12-29
Publication date: 2022-12-29
 
Economic and Regional Studies 2022;15(4):581–600
 
KEYWORDS
JEL CLASSIFICATION CODES
R11
R12
R23
R58
 
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Subject and purpose of work: This study examined water accessibility challenges, and the implications on children in rural border communities of Nigeria. Materials and methods: Primary data were used, and children (5-16 years) were respondents to the interview and questionnaire. Results: The study revealed there were more male children (58%) than female children (42%) and many of them were in the age bracket 11–15 years with about (53.9%) of them without formal education. The results further revealed that 69.9% of the respondents indicated that their major source of water is a stream and river. Also, the majority of the respondents (71%) trek long distances and (82.9%) spend more than 30 minutes travelling to collect water in distant villages especially during the dry season. This situation usually takes them away from their education and even affect their school attendance. Conclusions: The study recommended the need for the equitable provision of an improved water supply and ensure children are secured in collecting water for their households.
 
REFERENCES (46)
1.
Abasiodiong, M. (2003). Water security, supply and management problems in Akwa- Ibom State. Paper presented at the World Environment Day Round Table, Uyo, and AKS.
 
2.
Abebaw, D., Tadesse, T., Mogues, T. (2010). Access to improved water sources and satisfaction with services evidence from rural Ethiopia. Ethiopia: International Food Policy Research Institute, Sustainable Solutions for Hunger and Poverty.
 
3.
Akintola, F., Areola, O. (2006). Domestic Water Consumption in Nigeria: Case Study of Ibadan City. Journal of Nigeria Water Supply Management, 4(3), 34-40.
 
4.
Akoteyon, I.S. (2016). Pattern of household access to water supply in sub-urban settlements in parts of Lagos state, Nigeria. Geografia Online TM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 12(7), 93–1.
 
5.
Aper, J., A., Agbehi, S. I. (2011). The Determining Factors of Rural Water Supply Pattern in Ugbokolo Community, Benue State - Nigeria, Journal of Sustainable Development, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v4....
 
6.
Armah, F. A., Ekumah, B., Yawson, D. O., Odoi, J. O., Afitiri, A. R., and Nyieku, F. E. (2018). Access to improved water and sanitation in sub-Saharan Africa in a quarter century. Heliyon, 4(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heli....
 
7.
Baumann, E. (2005). The impact of tap connection on water use: The case of household water consumption. Environment and Development Economics, 15, 107–126. https://doi.org/10.1017/S13557....
 
8.
Demie, G., Bekele, M., Seyoum, B. (2016). Water accessibility impact on girl and women’s participation in education and other development activities: the case of Wuchale and Jidda Woreda, Ethopia. Environ Sys Res, 5(11). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40068....
 
9.
Eze O., (2020). Prosperity through Agribusiness Development. International Journal of Academic Management Science Research, 4(12), 68-79.
 
10.
Ezenwaji, E. E., Awopeju, A. K., Otti, V. I. and Eduputa, B. M. (2014). Spatial Patterns of Residential Water Supply Accessibility Levels in Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, 4(326).
 
11.
Fagbohun, P., Ajetomobi, O. (2018). Households Socio-Economic Characteristics and The Level of Accessibility to Water in The Low-Income Areas of Lagos Metropolis. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 5(7).
 
12.
Fan, Y., Li, H., Miguez-Macho, G. (2013). Global patterns of groundwater table depth. Science 339, 940–943. https://doi.org/10.1126/scienc....
 
13.
Goni, I.B. 0 (2006). The challenges of meeting domestic water supply in Nigeria. Journal on Mining Geology, 42(1), 51–55. https://doi.org/10.4314/jmg.v4....
 
14.
IFAD (2014). Rural poverty in Nigeria. IFAD. Retrieved from http://www.ruralpovertyportal.....
 
15.
Kolawole, O. D., Torimori, D. O. (2006). Nigerian poor majority: issues and challenges in the 21 st century. Research journal of social sciences, 1(1), 11-20.
 
16.
Laah, D.E, Abba, M., Ishaya, D. S., Gana J. N. (2013). The mirage of rural development in Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences and public policy, 5(2), 2013.
 
17.
Maguvu, E. S., Mutengu, S. (2008). An Investigation into the Factors Limiting Effective Water Supply in Rural Areas of Zimbabwe: A Case Study of Zhoma in Golewe North District. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 10(1), 120-138.
 
18.
Morris-Iveson, L., Alderwish, A. (2018). Experiences with Local Water Governance and Outcomes for Vulnerable Communities in the Tihama Region of Yemen. Water Alternatives, 11(3), 684-69.
 
19.
Moen, P., Spencer, D. (2006). Converging divergences in age, gender, health, and well- being. In: Binstock R, George L, editors. Handbook of aging and the social sciences. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 127–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0....
 
20.
Child's Rights Act. (2003). Nigeria: National Legislative Bodies / National Authorities.
 
21.
Ojome, (2019). Vanguard Newspaper Online.
 
22.
Okoye E. N. (2004). How to organize and maintain an efficient housing scheme. Housing in Nigeria, 2(1).
 
23.
Ologbon, O. A. C., Idowu, A. O., Salmonu, K. K., Oluwatayo, I. B. (2014). Incidence of Multidimensional Poverty among Riverine Households in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science, 6(5). https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v6....
 
24.
Okeke, O. C., and Uzoh, O. F. (2009). Towards achieving sustainable water resources management in Nigeria. Global J. Geol. Sci., 7(1), 85–92. https://doi.org/10.4314/gjgs.v....
 
25.
Oteze, G. E. (2006). Management approaches for Nigeria’s water resources. J. Min. Geol., 42(1), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.4314/jmg.v4....
 
26.
Oyebande, L. (2006). Appropriate administrative structures in harnessing water resources for sustainable growth in Nigeria. Journal on Miming Geology, 42(1), 21-30.
 
27.
Popoola, O. A., Adeoti, A. (2016). Child welfare deprivation in rural Nigeria: A counting approach. Child Dev. Res. 2016, p. 1–9. Hindawi Publishing Corporation. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016....
 
28.
The Sphere Project (2011). Humanitarian charter and minimum standards in humanitarian response, water supply standard: Access and water quantity, p. 97–99. Rugby: The Sphere Project. https://doi.org/10.3362/978190....
 
29.
United Nations (2022). Sustainable Development Goals Report. New Yorhttps://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/ From Crisis to Sustainable Development, the SDGs as Roadmap to 2030 and Beyond.
 
30.
United Nations (2009). World Water Development Report (WWDR3), Water in a Changing World.
 
31.
UNESCO (2019). The United Nations world water development report 2019: Leaving no one behind (p. 201). Paris: UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark....
 
32.
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
 
33.
UN World Water Development Report (2003). Water for people, water for life: The United Nations World Water Development Report. A joint report by the twenty-three UN agencies concerned with freshwater.
 
34.
UNESCO World Water Assessment Programme (2019). The United Nations world water development report: leaving no one behind. Paris: UNESCO.
 
35.
UNICEF (2016). Strengthening the Enabling Environment for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH). Guidance Note. New York: UNICEF.
 
36.
UNICEF (2021). Accountability to affected populations at UNICEF: Progress report 2018-2020. New York: UNICEF.
 
37.
Stockhom International Water Institute (SIWI) (2005). Making water a part of economic development: the economic benefits of improved water management services. Stockholm: SIWI.
 
38.
Usman, M. A., Gerber, N., Braun, J. (2019). The impact of drinking water quality and sanitation on child health: evidence from rural Ethiopia. The Journal of Development Studies 55(10), 2193–2211. https://doi.org/10.1080/002203....
 
39.
World Health Organization (2003). Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, third edition. Geneva: WHO. (retrieved from: www.who.int/water/sanitation/dwq/guideline2/en/).
 
40.
WHO, UNICEF (2004). Meeting the Millenium Development Goal Drinking Water and Sanitation: A Midterm Assessment of Progress. Geneva: WHO, UNICEF.
 
41.
WHO/UNICEF (2020). Progress on drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in schools.  United States: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO).
 
42.
WHO, UNICEF (2021). Progress on household drinking water, sanitation and hygiene 2000-2020: Five years into the SDGs. Geneva: WHO, UNICEF.
 
43.
WHO (2012a). UN-Water Global annual assessment of sanitation and drinking-water (GLAAS) 2012 report: The challenge of extending and sustaining services. Geneva: WHO.
 
44.
WHO (2012b). Global costs and benefits of drinking-water supply and sanitation interventions to reach the MDG target and universal coverage. Geneva: WHO.
 
45.
WHO (2017). Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (Report). Geneva: World Health Organisation.
 
46.
WHO (2018). Drinking - Water. Geneva: World Health Organization.
 
eISSN:2451-182X
ISSN:2083-3725